Great changes have occurred in both the global forestry situation and forestry situation of China, as an important fundamental industry and a public service with various special functions, forestry is stepping into the foreground.
China’s forestry is now transforming from a single industry towards a comprehensive industry, and has clearly set development ideas and tasks, thus the international forestry cooperation of China should be conducted strictly based on these ideas and tasks.
China’s forestry has built an overall, multi-level and wide opening-up pattern, and has established close relationship with international society: China has signed bilateral forestry agreements with over 40 countries, and has signed forestry cooperation agreements or regular meeting mechanisms with over 20 international organizations.
After smooth implementation of international cooperation projects in many years, the international forestry cooperation project areas in China have gained well ecological, economic and social impacts. Experiences and practices which have been accumulated and summarized from the projects have provided important references for forestry development of China, and have played a positive promotion role.
In 2008, in order to increase farmer’s interest in forestry and release potential of forestry productivity, based on the practice of Fujian, Jiangxi provinces, Chinese government launched Collective forest tenure reform. Farmers are given 70 years land use right. So far, there are 173 million ha. (The forest stock is 4 billion cubic meters) collective-owned forestland contracted to farmers. 84 million farmers have obtained forest right certificates, and over 400 million of farmers have benefited directly from the reform. But it is an arduous task to fulfill the setting target.
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