With an expected world population of 9 billion people in 2050, the global need for Food, Feed, Fibre and Fuel has become a matter of high political concern. In order to satisfy the ever increasing needs of “the four Fs”, there will be a progressively severe competition for limited land and water resources. This will be highlighted from four different perspectives.
Introduction by Kerstin Niblaeus, President of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry (KSLA) (Video)
The overarching goal of this session is to draw attention to the political aspects of farming, emphasizing that policies are as important for development and increasing production as are for example good soil conditions. Three cases have been chosen to illustrate different courses of development during the last 40 years: the EU, the US and New Zealand.
Moderator: Prof. Mats Morell, Department fo Economic History, Stockholm University, Sweden (Video)
Alan Swinbank is Emeritus Professor of Agricultural Economics at the University of Reading. His research has focussed on the farm, food and bioenergy policies of the EU and their interaction with the WTO. He has lectured, advised, and published extensively on these topics. His latest books are Ideas, Institutions, and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization (with Carsten Daugbjerg, Oxford University Press 2009) and An Inside View of the CAP Reform Process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler Reforms (with Arlindo Cunha, Oxford University Press 2011).
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Bill Winders is a sociologist whose research focuses on topics including the politics of national policies (especially agricultural policy), the world economy, and social movement dynamics. His book, The Politics of Food Supply: US Agricultural Policy in the World Economy, won the 2011 Book Award from the Political Economy of the World-System, given each year to recognize outstanding scholarship in global or comparative-international sociology. His current research examines food crises in the world economy, such as the 2008 food crisis that saw food prices and world hunger rise dramatically.
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Philipp Aerni graduated in Geography and Economics at The University of Zurich and received his PhD from the Institute of Agricultural Economics at ETH Zurich. Subsequently he continued his postdoctoral research at Harvard University and the Institute for Comparative and International Studies at ETH Zurich. His main research interest is innovation for development. In this context he co-founded the organization African Technology Development Forum (ATDF) in Geneva (www.atdforum.org). He is currently employed at the Institute for Environmental Decisions at ETH Zurich and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Rome, where he coordinates a project called ‘Remuneration of Positive Externalities (RPE)/Payments for Environmental Services (PES) in the Agricultural and Food Sectors’.
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Mats Morell, moderator, has published extensively on early modern and recent Swedish agricultural history and is the author of part 4 of The Swedish agrarian history (1870–1945). Together with Janken Myrdal he edited The agrarian history of Sweden from 4000 BC to AD 2000 (2011). He is also co-editor and co-author of the Corn volume Rural Economy and Society in North-Western Europe, 500–2000: Social relations, Property and power (2010).
To feed an ever growing global population we will need 70 percent more food by 2050. This we have to achieve from less land, while at the same time reducing our use of resources such as fossil energy, fertilizers and plant protection systems. This session, however, will focus on the farmer’s challenge to produce a range of crops, livestock and biomass in the sustainable way that is needed in respect to the generations to come.
Moderator: Dr. Bo Andersson, Vice President of KSLA (Video)
Dr. Robert Thompson, Professor Emeritus at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he held the Gardner Endowed Chair in Agricultural Policy. Dr. Thompson was formerly Dean of Agriculture at Purdue University and Director of Rural Development at the World Bank. He is now a Visiting Scholar at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, DC.
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Prof. John Pickett is Michael Elliott Distinguished Research Fellow and Scientific Leader of Chemical Ecology at Rothamsted Research, north of London, which has initiated and implemented research in cropping systems and soil science since 1843. Prof. Pickett is Honorary Professor at the University of Nottingham and Honorary Member of the Academic Staff at the University of Reading.
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Dr. of Veterinary Medicine h.c. Marit Paulsen is a EU-parliamentarian from Sweden. The focus and commitment of her political work has been on issues regarding production and consumption of food from a Swedish as well as from an EU perspective. She is the vice chair in the Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development at the European Parliament.
MSc Agriculture Elisabeth Gauffin runs a dairy farm together with her family 70 km north of Stockholm. Their farm, in collaboration with seven other farms, markets their dairy products in the Stockholm area under their own brand. She is the chairman of KRAV, the Swedish member organization of IFOAM, the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements, and she has been vice chairman of Federation of Swedish Farmers (LRF) and a member of the board of Arla FoodsAmba.
Dr. Bo Andersson, moderator, is the vice president of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry. In the early 1980s he upheld an appointed professorship in farm business administration at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences and is today retired from a position as Senior Vice President at Swedbank, one of Sweden’s largest banks.
Moderator: Introduction by Dr. Björn Lundgren, Chairman of the Committee for International Forestry Issues, KSLA (Video)
Professor Sten Nilsson has had a distinguished academic career in forest sector analysis with emphasis on policy analysis. He joined the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) in 1986, where he was Deputy respectively Acting Director between 2002 and 2009. He is a working fellow of, among others, the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry (KSLA), and has held a number of consultancies in industry, governments and organisations such as the World Bank, FAO, OECD, European Commission and SIDA.
Professor August Temu is Deputy Director General for Partnership and Impact at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). Earlier he served as Dean of the Faculty of Forestry and Nature conservation at Sokoine University in Tanzania. He has written extensively on forestry, agriculture and natural resources education and research. He established and was the first Executive Secretary of The African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry and Natural Resources Education (ANAFE). In 2000 he was admitted as an International Fellow of the Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry (KSLA).
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Professor Jintao Xu is currently a professor of natural resource economics at the College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University. Currently his research focuses on surveys and analyses of forest tenure and regulatory reform in rural China. He has been active in policy dialogue and consultation in China’s forest and environmental sectors. Currently he is the leader of the Environmental Economics Program in China (EEPC), where he is building capacity to conduct rigorous economic analysis into China’s environmental and natural resource policies.
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Professor Jan-Erik Nylund has an MSc in Forestry from Helsinki University and a PhD from Uppsala University. He is teaching Forest Policy in the Masters’ programme Forest Industrial Economics at the Swedish University of Agriculture. He has sandwiched academic work with long term overseas assignments since the 1970s. During the last decade, he has been focusing on social consequences of large-scale pulp ventures in South America, particularly Brazil, but also on forest legislation, land right issues and related conflicts in Sweden.
Dr. Björn Lundgren, moderator, has a broad international experience, especially from Africa, but also from Asia, Central America and the Caribbean. Among others he is Founder Member and Member Governing Council of the African Forest Forum and was a member of the Board of the African Forest Research Network (AFORNET), Kenya. He has been Director General of the International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) Nairobi and director for the International Foundation for Science (IFS) in Stockholm. He is also a working fellow of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry (KSLA).
To create a sustainable future, scientists, economists, politicians and social scientists will need to work together with practitioners and local communities. Broad collaborations will be needed on the regional as well as the international arena. The concept of planetary boundaries sets the scene, and we need to find new, smarter and more efficient ways to give people better lives within nature’s limitations. Research and practical knowledge is the foundation, but it is worth nothing if not put to use.
Moderator: Introduction by Mr. Johan Kuylenstierna, Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden (Video)
Dr. Jacques Diouf, Director-General of FAO 1994–2011, has played a decisive role in raising awareness among world leaders about the need for peace and freedom from hunger. Dr. Diouf has tirelessly insisted on the necessity for investments in agriculture as the path to food security and economic growth. After an illustrious career, including 18 year as head of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Dr. Diouf has been appointed Minister and Personal Adviser of the President of the Republic, Senegal.
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Dr. Paul Alan Cox is Director of the Institute of Ethnomedicine in Wyoming. He was the first King Carl XVI Gustaf Professor of Environmental Biology in 1997–1998, jointly hosted by the Swedish Agricultural University and Uppsala University. As an ethnobotanist, he seeks to explore the cornucopia of nature in search for new medicines, materials, and designs that can lead towards a sustainable society.
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Dr. Susan Baker is Professor of Environmental Social Science at the Cardiff School of Social Sciences and Lead Academic at the Sustainable Places Institute, Cardiff University, Wales. She is deeply interested in the governance requirements for the promotion of sustainable development, especially in the context of global environmental change. She has recently been working on ecological restoration, including the use of restoration initiatives for improvements in ecological integrity (Borneo) and for the provision of food security (Turks and Caicos Islands). Professor Susan Baker was the first woman to receive the prestigious HM Carl XIV Gustaf Professorship in Environmental Science and spent 2002–2003 at Umeå University.
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Mr. Johan L. Kuylenstierna, moderator, is Executive Director for SEI and holds an adjunct professorship in international water resources issues at Stockholm University. He has held positions within the UN system in Rome, Geneva and New York, focusing on water and climate change issues. Dr. Kuylenstierna has also worked as a consultant for many years with a focus on environmental management, corporate social responsibility (CSR) and communication.
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