Global Outlook januari 2013

Global Outlook – Future Competition for Land and Water

Ett internationellt 2-dagarssymposium som en del av KSLA:s 200-årsfirande – finanseriat av Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation 

Norra Latin i Stockholm, 29–30 januari 2013

Till föreläsarnas presentationer som de visades vid symposiet./To the lecturers’ presentations as shown at the symposium.
Till dokumentationen från symposiet/To the documentation from the symposium: KSLAT nr 5-2013 Global Outlook/

Med en förväntad befolkning på jorden om 9 miljarder människor år 2050 så har det globala behovet av mat, foder, fiber och bränsle (Food, Feed, Fibre and Fuel) blivit en fråga av högsta politiska dignitet. För att möta de hela tiden ökande behoven av ”de fyra F:n” uppstår allvarlig konkurrens om begränsade mark- och vattenresurser. Vi kommer att belysa detta ur fyra olika perspektiv.
(Läs mer om föreläsarna under respektive session till vänster.)

With an expected world population of 9 billion people in 2050, the global need for Food, Feed, Fibre and Fuel has become a matter of high political concern. In order to satisfy the ever increasing needs of “the four Fs”, there will be a progressively severe competition for limited land and water resources. We will highlight this from four different perspectives.
(Read more about the speakers under each session to the left.)

Agricultural policies over the past 40 years – three cases (session 1, Tues 29 Jan AM)

The overarching goal of this session is to draw attention to the political aspects of farming, emphasizing that policies are as important for development and increasing production as are for example good soil conditions. Three cases have been chosen to illustrate different courses of development during the last 40 years: the EU, the US and New Zealand. These form a good basis for discussing agricultural policies at various levels, scope and purposes, shaped by different social and economic settings and formations.

Speakers: Professor Alan Swinbank, UK; Professor Bill Winders, USA; Dr. Philipp Aerni, Switzerland.
Moderator: Professor Mats Morell, Sweden.

Opportunities and challenges for farmers, researchers and business in the agricultural sector (session 2, Tues 29 Jan PM)

To feed an ever growing global population we will need to produce 70 percent more by 2050. This we have to achieve from less land, while at the same time reducing our use of resources such as fossil energy, fertilizers and plant protection systems. Opportunities and challenges vary in different parts of the world. This session, however, will focus on the farmer’s challenge to produce a range of crops, livestock and bio mass in the sustainable way that is needed with respect to the generations to come. This includes how to address the climate change, water and soil fertility issues, post-harvest losses, etc., and to do that in a situation where the worldwide demand for meat and grain is growing rapidly and prices are going up.

Speakers: Professor Robert Thompson, USA; Professor John Pickett, UK; EU parliamentarian Marit Paulsen, Sweden; Dairy farmer Elisabeth Gauffin, Sweden.
Moderator: Dr. Bo Andersson, Sweden.

Opportunities and challenges in the forestry sector (session 3, Wed 30 Jan AM)

The growing demand for wood fibre contributes to the pressure on the land resources. Currently, the growing demand is mainly seen in Asia and other growing economic regions of the developing world. In this context, investors are increasingly interested in Africa. In South America and Northern Europe the number of social conflicts is increasing.

The responses to the growing world demands for natural resources largely lie in increasing productivity on land already under cultivation or in expansion of land. The growing demand is mainly seen in Asia, particularly China, and other growing economic regions of the developing world. Investors are increasingly interested in Africa, which, in spite of its own rapidly increasing needs for wood is considered to have major reserves of under-utilised land. In South America and Northern Europe the challenges are many, e.g. increasing social conflicts as a result of land use and rights disagreements between commercial and local interests. Globally, opportunities are created through e.g. private-community partnerships and restoration of degraded lands through tree planting.

Speakers: Professor Sten Nilsson, Sweden; Professor August Temu, Kenya; Professor Jintao Xu, China; Professor Jan-Erik Nylund, Sweden.
Moderator: Dr. Björn Lundgren, Sweden.

From knowing to acting – paths to a sustainable future (session 4, Wed 30 Jan PM)

To create a sustainable future, scientists, economists, politicians and social scientists will need to work together with practitioners and local communities. Broad collaborations will be needed on the regional as well as the international arena. The concept of planetary boundaries sets the scene, and we need to find new, smarter and more efficient ways to give people better lives within nature’s limitations. Research and practical knowledge is the foundation, but it is worth nothing if not put to use.

This session will highlight some of the societal, psychological and economic problems, but above all it will point at promising solutions to some of them and discuss the tools we have at our disposal to take us from knowing to acting.

Speakers: H.E. Dr. Jacques Diouf, Senegal; Professor Paul Alan Cox, USA; Professor Susan Baker, UK.
Moderator: Mr. Johan Kuylenstierna, Sweden.

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